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Explanation
St Aloysius College Literacy Strategy: Checklist of genres and text types

Explanation
(Factual genre)
An Explanation explains processes

Structure
A lead-in sentence to state the topic and position the reader
• Introduction should include signpost sentences
• Start with known information
• Series of sequential paragraphs
• Conclusion summarises content
• Conclusion contains no new information


Language features
• Avoid using the first and second person; generalised participants
• Use timeless present tense
• Use passive voice (is made; is placed)
• Use correct technical terms
• Linking words and phrases expressing sequence (after..; then…; next…; finally)
• Exact details or information



More information
More ideas and examples about explanations can be found in
•Targeting text (series), Blake Education, Glebe N.S.W.
• Anderson, M 1997, Text types in English, Macmillan, 1998.
• English Elements (series), Jacaranda Wiley, Milton, Qld.
• Whitfield, M 2001, Targeting writing across the curriculum, Blake Education, Glebe, N.S.W.
• Schill, J 1998, On track: working with texts, Heinemann, Port Melbourne.
• Excel essential skills (series), Pascal, Glebe, N.S.W.

• Understanding text types (poster series), R.I.C., Balcatta, W.A.

Interactive example (Jenny Eather)

Printable version


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