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Exposition
St Aloysius College Literacy Strategy: Checklist of genres and text types

Exposition (Argument)
(Factual genre)
An exposition argues or persuades for or against

Structure
• A lead-in sentence to state the topic and capture interest
• Introduction should include signpost sentences to the issues to be raised
• One paragraph per main idea.
• Each paragraph starts with a topic sentence containing an assertion
• Arguments should show logical progression
• Prioritise and sequence arguments
• Conclusion summarises content
• Conclusion contains no new information
• Conclusion restates your view in different words



Language features
• It is best to avoid using the first person
• Use strong modal verbs such as “must, “should”, “will not”
• Use words expressing certainty: definitely, ultimately, undoubtedly, unequivocally
• Linking words and phrases expressing cumulation: Furthermore…; In addition…; Moreover…
• Acknowledge sources of information
• Avoidance of “I” is not always possible in an argument essay e.g. “I believe…”



More information
More ideas and examples about expositions can be found in
•Targeting text (series), Blake Education, Glebe N.S.W.
• Anderson, M 1997, Text types in English, Macmillan, 1998.
• English Elements (series), Jacaranda Wiley, Milton, Qld.
• Whitfield, M 2001, Targeting writing across the curriculum, Blake Education, Glebe, N.S.W.
• Schill, J 1998, On track: working with texts, Heinemann, Port Melbourne.
• Excel essential skills (series), Pascal, Glebe, N.S.W.

• Understanding text types (poster series), R.I.C., Balcatta, W.A.

Exposition - The Learning Place
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includes downloadable files and weblinks that model the vocabulary and style of persuasive writing

Interactive example (Jenny Eather)

Printable version